[1] There is also a Trinidadian term "cariso" that means "old-time" calypsos. Alternatively, the insert for The Rough Guide to Calypso and Soca (published by World Music Network) favours John Cowley's arguments in Carnival, Canboulay and Calypso: Traditions in the Making, that the word might be a corruption of the French carrouseaux and through the process of patois and Anglicization became caliso and then finally "calypso"; however, Cowley also notes that the first mention of the word "calypso" is given in a description of a dance in 1882 by Abbé Masse.[3]. A type of folk song primarily from Trinidad, calypso is also sung elsewhere in the southern and eastern Caribbean islands.

One classic Calypso song, Lord Invader’s “Rum and Coca Cola” addresses the unseemly culture of prostitution that developed around the American military bases in Trinidad during the 1940s.

Mighty Sparrow carried on the tradition of Calypso well into late 1970s, at which point Calypso rapidly declined and branched off into other styles. Get Bongo drum facts here. In March 1934, he sent Roaring Lion and Attila the Hun to New York City to record; they became the first calypsonians to record abroad, bringing the genre out of the West Indies and into pop culture. Over the past century, Calypso has greatly influenced dozens of other genres including jazz, reggae and soca.

Ska and reggae were influenced a lot by this Jamaican folk music. Calypso music emerged from within the Calypso tents of Trinidad, where masquerade bands would play.

It was used as the voice of these people. The masses were allowed to challenge the unelected legislative council and governor to do the music. It was used as the voice of these people. Dizzy Gillespie recorded a calypso album Jambo Caribe (1964) with James Moody and Kenny Barron. With Eric Williams serving as the first Prime Minister of an independent Trinidad and Tobago, calypsonian Mighty Sparrow released his song “William the Conqueror” where he praises Williams’ victory and prides the island in its new found independence. His lyrics struck with those in support of an independent Trinidadian nation hoping to instill similar principles in their own free nation. The Calypso music was heavily influenced by the French and African music. It is characterized by highly rhythmic and harmonic vocals, and is most often sung in a French creole and led by a griot. As calypso developed, the role of the griot became known as a chantuelle and eventually, calypsonian. Key figures in the movement include Lord Invader, Attila the Hun and Roaring Lion, who was also the most important Calypso historian.

[2] The term "calypso" is recorded from the 1930s onwards. [6] The PNM used the competitions to combat social and class divisions by attracting participants of varying social status to participate and attend the competitions.

The album has four tracks: "Calypso", "Calypso part 2", "Calypso part 3 Fin de Siècle" and "Waiting for Cousteau".

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One of Calypso’s defining attributes, the call and response comes directly out of African musical traditions.

Lyrics were made to express feelings towards colonialism as being immoral and oppressive to Caribbean people.

Forbidden to communicate... Musical Attributes. The tents, made of palm tree branches and poles, kept the rain from dousing attendees and performers.

Several films jumped on the calypso craze in 1957 such as Island in the Sun (20th Century Fox) that featured Belafonte and the low-budget films Calypso Joe (Allied Artists), Calypso Heat Wave (Columbia Pictures), and Bop Girl Goes Calypso (United Artists). Decca Records lost untold pressings in this manner, as did its rival, RCA's Bluebird label.

Calypso in the Caribbean includes a range of genres, including: the Benna in Antigua and Barbuda; Mento, a style of Jamaican folk music that greatly influenced ska and reggae; Ska, the precursor to rocksteady, and reggae; Spouge, a style of Barbadian popular music; Dominica Cadence-lypso, which mixed calypso with the cadence of Haiti; and soca music, a style of Kaiso/calypso, with influences from chutney, soul, funk, Latin and cadence-lypso. Forbidden to communicate with each other during grueling hours of plantation labor, slaves played music together to achieve solidarity and mock their strict European masters, mostly French and Spanish immigrants. Neville Marcano, known as the Growling Tiger, became notorious for creating songs calling for independence of Trinidad and Tobago.

Nithi Kanagaratnam from Sri Lanka sang calypso-styled songs in Tamil in 1968, which was a success and earned him the title "Father of Tamil Popular Music". Lyrics. He has written for a variety of lifestyle and niche market websites, including International Food Trader, The Olive Oil Times, microDINERO, Sounds and Colours, Connecting Worlds and The Buenos Aires Reader. While traditional Calypso is considered dance and party music, the focus is really on the song and its lyrics. It joins infectious tropical rhythms with call and response lyrics that often speak of politics and social injustice.

During the beginning to the mid-20th century, the musical style was invented in Trinidad and Tobago. The French brought Carnival to Trinidad, and calypso competitions at Carnival grew in popularity, especially after the abolition of slavery in 1834.

One of them is Mento. Its rhythms can be traced back to West African Kaiso and the arrival of French planters and their slaves from the French Antilles in the 18th century.

Calypso is sung in a call and response pattern that features a solo singer called a “calypsonian” engaging the group. Calypso lyrics generally have a sharp satirical tone that stems from Calypso’s original role as the music slaves would use to get even with their cruel masters. Perhaps due to the constraints of the wartime economy, no recordings of note were produced until the late 1920s and early 1930s, when the "golden era" of calypso would cement the style, form, and phrasing of the music. Since the slaves were form different regions, c…

The rhythms of Calypso music was seen in 18th century. Calypso has left an indelible mark on the history of popular music and continues to influence new generations of artists each year. Calypso evolved into a way of spreading news around Trinidad. The French Creole was the main language that the slaves used to sing calypso. Originally, calypso tents were actual tents where calypsonians would practice before Carnival. [3] Sparrow sings: I am no politician, but I could understand if it wasn’t for Brother Willie and his ability, Trinidad wouldn’t go neither come.

Eventually, the music became a means for storytelling and communicating among African slaves working on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago.

Calypso music has an important role in politics. Today calypso tents are showcases for the new music of Carnival season.

and Ibibio "kaa iso" ("continue, go on"), used in urging someone on or in backing a contestant.

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