Average length is 2 to 3 feet. Average litter size for [16], Conant (1929) gave a detailed account of the feeding behavior of a captive specimen from South Carolina.

Contrary to the popular name, copperheads in the South only rarely have copper-red heads. Home • Contact Us • About Us •

thus a bite from this snake is of more concern and is potentially lethal.

Average body mass for adult males (1,035.0 ± 463.7 g, 384-1,700, n = 8) was nearly

The term "cotton mouth" was first used in …

When you are in areas where there may be snakes, wear long pants and/or shoes that protect your ankles. Adults commonly exceed 80 cm (31.5 in) in length, females grow smaller than males.

subrubrum), Eastern Hog-Nosed Snakes (Heterodon platirhinos), and least shrews (Cryptotis parva) geographic variation in pattern, color, or scutellation in Virginia populations.

Copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix (northern Miss.

), sirens (Siren spp. However, on bright, sunny days, they are usually found coiled or stretched out somewhere in the shade. responsive to changes in temperature of 0.001°C (Halliday and Adler, 1986).

distances (Martin and Wood, 1955). Most venomous snakes have wide, triangular-shaped heads but unfortunately many nonvenomous snakes have wide heads as well.

A loreal scale is absent. These crossbands are visibly lighter in the center, almost matching the ground color, often contain irregular dark markings, and extend well down onto the ventral scales. ), green anoles (Anolis carolinensis), skinks (Eumeces spp. [5] Many of the common names refer to the threat display, where this species will often stand its ground and gape at an intruder, exposing the white lining of its mouth. species have been recorded from Virginia specimens: Coastal Plains Leopard Frogs (Lithobates Normally, though, the bulk of its diet consists of fish and frogs.

The population in Seashore State Park


[9], The broad head is distinct from the neck, and the snout is blunt in profile with the rim of the top of the head extending forwards slightly further than the mouth. $(document).ready(function () { He suggested this might have something to do with hibernating habits.

distinctly separated from narrow neck. Calm and reassure the victim; don’t panic. The tail tip is wriggled to lure prey, such as frogs and lizards, within striking distance. At this point, they moved to higher ground and could be found in rotting pine stumps by tearing away the bark.

[35], Bites from the cottonmouth are relatively frequent in the lower Mississippi River Valley and along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, although fatalities are rare. Substantial cranial plates are present, although the parietal plates are often fragmented, especially towards the rear. Adults commonly exceed 80 cm (31.5 in) in length, females grow smaller than males. [29], Agkistrodon piscivorus is ovoviviparous, with females usually giving birth to one to 16 live young and possibly as many as 20.

Litters of six to eight are the most common.

If the snake is dead or safely contained behind glass, look for the following features. 1842. The result is the expression of deleterious recessive alleles and often to developmental failure (inbreeding depression). The body is slender and cylindrical with a small head and tiny black eyes. inject it, evolved for the purpose of prey capture, but it is sometimes used as a defensive Over much of the state adults are more brownish or yellowish-brown. Its diet includes mammals, birds, amphibians, fish, snakes, small turtles and small alligators. The yellow and red bands are always side-byside. Sexual dimorphism index was -0.26. Unfortunately, they have been exterminated over much of their historic range and their numbers continue to decline at an alarming rate. $('.carousel').carousel();

On occasion, juvenile specimens feed on invertebrates. They take advantage when bodies of water begin to dry up in the summer or early fall and gorge themselves on the resulting high concentrations of fish and tadpoles.

Absent an anaphylactic reaction in a bitten individual, however, the venom does not cause systemic reactions in victims and does not contain neurotoxic components present in numerous rattlesnake species. }). When antagonized, they will stand their ground by coiling their bodies and displaying their fangs.

Occasional specimens turn up seemingly far from water.

Bites occur when the snake is accidentally touched or stepped upon, or when the person is trying to kill it. Water moccasin, black moccasin, black Most of our venomous species have characteristics which are not shared by harmless snakes. [19] In various locations, the species is well-adapted to less moist environments, such as palmetto thickets, pine-palmetto forest, pine woods in East Texas, pine flatwoods in Florida, eastern deciduous dune forest, dune and beach areas, riparian forest, and prairies. They will not hesitate to bite if molested, however. Virginia requires the protection of all forms of wetlands and their surrounding forests. They shed for the first time within two weeks, after which they accepted small frogs, but not fish.

This snake is brightly ringed with wide black and wide red bands, separated by narrow yellow bands. On the other hand, Neill (1947) reported captive kingsnakes (Lampropeltis getula) were loath to attack them, being successfully repelled with "body blows". However, baby cottonmouths have a wide dark band on the side of the face while all ages of copperheads display a narrow line. Compared to their mainland species, most of their diet consists of nothing but fish. [19][24], In Indiana, the cottonmouth is listed as an endangered species. Dunson WA, Freda J (1985).

twice that for adult females (560.3 ± 109.8 g, 435-700, n = 8).

Babies are born in September and at 14 inches long can kill and swallow adult mice.

[5][7], In Georgia, it is found in the southern half of the state up to a few kilometers north of the fall line with few exceptions. chunky, dark brown, olive, or black dorsally, and brown laterally; chin and infralabials This is our largest rattlesnake.

Most are heavy-bodied snakes with a distinct head and vertical pupils in the eye. To reduce the number of snakes around your property, keep areas free of trash, brush. Soc.

The ground color is then tan, brown or reddish brown. "Water permeability of the skin of the amphibious snake. "Ritualized Behavior in.

moccasin, cotton-mouthed snake, gapper, highland moccasin, lowland

Rattles on the tail are tiny in size. Sign up to receive monthly newsletters featuring all the latest news and happenings from MDWFP. Although fish and frogs are their most common prey, they eat almost any small vertebrate. Northern Cottonmouths appear to have a biennial-to-triennial cycle of litter production (Gloyd and

511 pp. Agkistrodon piscivorus (also called the water adder) is a venomous snake, a species of pit viper in the subfamily Crotalinae of the family Viperidae. concur with Gloyd and Conant (1990), who strongly criticize the use of "moccasin" and "water

hatchling Snapping Turtles (Chelydra serpentina), Southeastern Mud Turtles (Kinosternon

Frogs and small birds were seized and held until movement stopped. Many experts believe that this large rattlesnake is in serious need of protection.

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