Like no other thinker in the past or the present, he seems to have read every significant figure of any relevance and creativity in the extant literature. Neoconservatism shifts onto cultural modernism the uncomfortable burdens of a more or less successful capitalist modernization of the economy and society. Communication processes need a cultural tradition covering all spheres – cognitive, moral-practical and expressive. However, the answer does not lie in the destruction of systems (especially the economic and administrative systems) since it is they that provide the material pre-requisites needed to allow life-world rationalize. This aesthetic consciousness continuously stages a dialectical play between secrecy and public scandal; it is addicted to a fascination with that horror which accompanies the act of profaning, and yet is always in flight from the trivial results of profanation. But Adorno, dialectical thinker that he was, also shows how the opposite is also true: namely, how philosophical language filters back into the quotidian language of speakers, transforming what can be said — and how it can be said — in common vernacular. Habermas’s discourse ethics, Fritsch suggests, shows us how to consider those who are to come, even if they are not yet here among us. When one observes the transformations of consciousness within political parties in Germany, a new ideological shift (Tendenzwende) becomes visible. 1 Modernity: An Unfinished Project 38 Jurgen Habermas. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. A global network of scholars is trying desperately to keep up with Habermas’s many achievements. [. The brief citation accompanying the honor, penned by Todd Gitlin, carried an all too appropriate title: “The Sage of Reason.”. Under the pressures of the dynamics of economic growth and the organizational accomplishments of the state, this social modernization penetrates deeper and deeper into previous forms of human existence. Summary Habermas occupies a key position in the debates about modernity and postmodernity. The neoconservative doctrine blurs the relationship betwee… It permeates as well our cognitive significations and our normative expectations and changes the manner in which all these moments refer to one another. Nonetheless, some of the fundamental problems identified in the capitalistic economy are still there – such as the tendency to produce economic depressions or crisis. The future is shaped by those who determine how the past is interpreted, and Habermas knew that a democratic, morally self-reflexive Germany could not afford to downplay its genocidal past. (One could name here the early Wittgenstein, Carl Schmitt of the middle period, and Gottfried Benn of the late period.)

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